Geometrical Analysis of Tiling Patterns in Azari Style: The Case of Tabriz Kaboud Mosque

Zahra Poursafar

Abstract


Background: The Tiling patterns are magnificent display of decoration in Islamic period. They transform the dusty and dreary facades to splendid and ornate ones. Due to ideological factors and elements of Azari style decorations, geometrical patterns and vegetative designs became prevalent and pervasive in religious sites like mosques. The objective of this study is an investigation of the tiling pattern, as an amazing work of architecture in Tabriz Kaboud mosque, which is constructed according to Azari style. In this research, the geometrical patterns of tiling as the main part of decorations in this mosque are investigated and analyzed.

Method: The research is based on a descriptive analysis method. Data and information are collected based on documents library and field study. Then, polished and brushed, the study resulted in an illustrative conclusion.

Findings: In religious buildings such as mosques, geometry represents ‘divination’ in Christian theology and ‘Unity with God’ or ‘Tawhid’ in Islamic terminology. Tiling patterns of Kaboud mosque, mostly hexagonal, circular, square and triangle, form architectonic features which recount a story, a representation of divination or unification with the One.

Keywords: Tiling, Azari Style, Tabriz Kaboud Mosque, Islamic Architecture.


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DOI Prefix: 10.20286